Taken from a Pew Research Center study report titled 5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe in 2017, here is the complete list of 10 countries with the largest Muslim population in the world:
Most Populated Muslim Country in The World
The countries with the most Muslim populations are Indonesia (231 million), Pakistan (202 million), India (195 million), Bangladesh (153 million), Nigeria (103 million), Egypt (90 million), Iran (82.5 million), Turkey (74 million), Algeria (41 million) and Iraq (38 million).
Indonesia has been known as the country with the largest Muslim population in the world. Although located far from the Arab peninsula countries that are majority Muslim, Indonesia is precisely known as the largest Muslim country in the world.
Adherents of Islam in the country nicknamed Nusantara is even more than 85% of the total population.
It is estimated that 229 million Indonesians are Muslim. This number reaches 87.2 percent of the total population of the country or 13 percent of the total Muslim population worldwide.
The Pew Research Center has updated data on the 10 countries with the largest Muslim populations in the world. If in 2010, Indonesia has the most Muslims, the latest data in 2017 remains in the first position.
The Muslim population in Indonesia currently amounts to 231,069,932 (data of the Ministry of Trade 2018) or 12.7 percent of the Muslim population worldwide.
Meanwhile, by 2060, Indonesia is predicted to have 253,450,000 Muslims, but only 8.5 percent of the world’s Muslim population.
Pakistan (195 million Muslims)
Similarly, Pakistan has more than 200 million people, of whom 95% are Muslims. Pakistan is a young country and a fast-growing country.
Pakistan, a country in South Asia, will be ranked as the world’s largest Muslim-majority country with a population of over 256 million by 2030.
India (183 million Muslims)
The second most populous country in the world with a Muslim minority (less than 15% of the total population). But a small part of this population represents more than 183 million inhabitants and continues to grow every year.
In 2060, India is predicted to be the country with the largest Muslim population in the world with 333,090,000 people with the same percentage as the current 11.1 percent.
In India, which has the second largest Muslim population, Islam is a religious minority (making up 15% of the country’s population) and Hinduism is the majority religion.
In 2010, 94 percent of the world’s Hindus lived in India. This figure looks likely to remain in place by 2050.
For information. On average, Muslim women have 3.2 children in India. Meanwhile, the average Hindu woman has 2.5 children, while the average Christian woman has only 2.3 children.
Although the number of Muslims in India is very large, they are considered as a minority who often experience discrimination in terms of employment, education, or even in terms of housing. Cases of discrimination have even gotten higher in recent years.
Nigeria, which has the sixth largest Christian population in the world (87 million), also has the fifth largest Muslim population in the world (90 million).
The Lancet Journal has released the results of a study on the estimated number of human populations worldwide by 2100. The study puts the forecast that Nigeria will become the country with the largest Muslim population in the world, beating Indonesia and India.
In research reported by Mercatornet, it is estimated that human fertility rates in general will decline, suggesting that humanity will face population decline starting in 2064. However, despite the decline in world fertility rates, studies from the Lancet and predict significant population growth in African continent countries.
In the study, Nigeria’s population is projected to reach 791 million people by 2100, which surpasses China’s predicted population of 732 million. Africa will become the second most populous country in the world after India and is predicted to be home to three billion people by 2100, triple the current population.
From the data, the global Muslim population is more concentrated in the main population centers of Islam. The countries with the five highest Muslim populations are all in South and Southeast Asia or in sub-Saharan Africa, not in the Middle East.
In general, the growth of the world’s Muslim population by 2030 will increase by 35% of the Muslim population in 2010.
The Middle East and Africa experienced the most significant increase in the Muslim population followed by latin American countries.
History of Islam in America timeline